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Title Algorithms of Scheduling Aircraft Landing Problem
Author Wen, Min (Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
Supervisor Clausen, Jens (Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
Larsen, Jesper (Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
Institution Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Thesis level Master's thesis
Year 2005
Abstract This thesis addresses the problem of scheduling aircraft landings at an airport. Given a set of planes and runways, the objective is to minimize the total (weighted) deviation from the target landing time for each plane. There are costs associated with landing either earlier or later than a target landing time for each plane. Each plane has to land on one of the runways within its predetermined time windows such that separation criteria between all pairs of planes are satisfied. This type of problem is a large-scale optimization problem, which occurs at busy airports where making optimal use of the bottleneck resource (the runways) is crucial to keep the airport operating smoothly. This thesis is the first attempt to develop a branch-and-price exact algorithm for the Aircraft Landing Problem (ALP), in which the column generation method is applied to solve the linear relaxation problem for each branch node throughout the branch-and-bound procedure. We formulate the ALP as a set partitioning problem with side constraints on the number of available runways. We also present a mixed integer formulation for the subproblem in column generation, which can be used to generate the columns with the minimum negative reduced cost. Then a branch-and-bound method is developed to find the optimal integer solution for the ALP. Finally, the branch-and-price exact algorithm is implemented and tested on the public data from OR Library involving up to 50 aircraft and 4 runways. The computational results show that the algorithm can solve the problem optimally in acceptable CPU time. Furthermore, the optimal solutions can be achieved with less than 500 columns generated and 12 branch nodes explored.
Imprint Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modeling, Technical University of Denmark, DTU : DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Pages 92
Fulltext
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Admin Creation date: 2006-06-22    Update date: 2012-12-17    Source: dtu    ID: 185882    Original MXD