||Tactical Evaluation of Intermodal Transportation Routes
||Larsen, Allan (Logistics & ITS, Department of Transport, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
||Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
||The demand for transportation is increasing due to the globalisation, at the same
time the imbalance between transport modes is enlarging. These issues give rise to
several transportation originated problems such as congestion, increased travel time,
noise, accidents and emissions to name a few. In addition, the prices of transport do
not reflect the real cost to society, because the externalities of transportation are not
considered. The European Commission intends to impose charges for external cost of
transport over the coming years, therefore a directive proposal has already been made.
Furthermore, business sector is becoming more aware of environmental issues. The
foreseeable changes in transport sector and a highly competitive business environment
forces the companies to revise their distribution networks occasionally, in order to keep
their competitive advantages.
The work presented in the given thesis is considering intermodal transport chains and
is dedicated to specifying the requirements for a general evaluation model framework.
The objective of the model is to optimise the overall transport cost, while taking into
account the externalities of transport.
First it is identified whether there exists the need for an evaluation model, which is ap-
plied on business level and is able to compare unimodal and intemodal transportation
alternatives. A review of the work done within field is given. The model parameters,
including the Key Performance Indicators of the companies, and the requirements for
developing the model are clarified by interviewing specialists and relevant parties. A
small example of an evaluation model is developed and demonstrated.
The conclusion drawn from this thesis is that there exists a huge potential for such
an evaluation model. The representatives from the transportation sector who were
interviewed for this thesis are interested in revising their transportation network and
willing to consider alternative transport opportunities. However there are obstacles
preventing a prototype implementation of the framework at the moment. First, it
is very complicated to develop a general model which would be suitable for specific
company’s network. In addition, the revealed lack of data and data inconsistency is a
serious issue, which only can be overcome by the cooperation between business sector
and the European Union institutions.
Creation date: 2009-01-08
Update date: 2009-01-12