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Title Transport and Land Use Impacts : - A Case Study of the Ring 3 Corridor in Copenhagen
Author Hulsmann, Friderike
Supervisor Nielsen, Otto Anker (Traffic Modelling, Department of Transport, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
Institution Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Thesis level Master's thesis
Year 2009
Abstract In this study the interactions of land use and light rail projects in the suburban areas of Copenhagen are studied. Other theoretical, empirical and practical investigations sup-port this interdependence, but they differ largely concerning the extent of land use im-pacts. One of the decisive factors that is associated with land use changes and a better public transport system is car ownership which is often shown to be negatively affected by public transport investment. Three alternative light rail alignments are developed in the short run: the Ring 3, Ring 2½ and a combined connection of both lines. Both Ring lines connect the main munici-pal centres in the closer Copenhagen region. They exhibit the same alignment between Nærum, Lyngby and Buddinge station. The southern section leads along Herlev, Glos-trup, Vallensbæk and Ishøj station regarding Ring 3 and along Husum, Rødovre and Friheden station with respect to Ring 2½. The relevant municipalities plan urban devel-opment projects of which some are reactions to the possible implementation of the Ring lines. These developments will generate further trips from and to the suburban areas in the long term. Based on these land use changes two other scenarios are gen-erated. They both involve urban activities such as residential development and an in-crease in workplaces which generate trips. The first scenario involves a moderate ur-ban development, whereas the second shows a greater land use change in the long term. A timetable-based route choice model is applied to determine travel demand and route choice changes caused by the respective scenarios. Hereby, induced traffic is included and mode choice changes are intensively analysed by means of an empirical investiga-tion. With respect to the latter no reasonable results are found and could, therefore, not be included in the route choice model. This demonstrates how complex it is to model changes in travel behaviour. In the short term, an increased number of passengers is found along the light rail lines, whereas the connections to the city centre reveal fewer travellers. The results show that the Ring lines are a competitive alternative to the ra-dial connections via the city centre. Mobility changes show positive, but also a few negative results, whereas accessibility improves to a large extent. Ring 2½ shows a greater increase in passengers and better strategic effects than Ring 3. The combined connection does not differ much from the separate light rail projects regarding route choice and strategic effects. In the long run, only Ring 3 is modelled resulting in an increase in travellers along the Ring 3 in both scenarios. However, they differ in pas-senger loads along the radial connections to the city centre. The socio-economic analysis shows that all scenarios are not cost-efficient. But, they differ with respect to the extent of the negative outcome. Ring 3 reveals a better socio-economic viability than Ring 2½. The combined connection generates by far the worst socio-economic results. The inclusion of urban development of the Ring 3 scenario improves the cost-efficiency. However, the results of the socio-economic analysis de-pend predominantly on the assumptions used. A long time horizon of the project, for example, improves its cost-efficiency greatly
Imprint Technical University of Denmark (DTU) : Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Keywords Light Rails
Original PDF Master_thesis_Friederike_Huelsmann.pdf (11.08 MB)
Admin Creation date: 2010-01-06    Update date: 2010-01-06    Source: dtu    ID: 255556    Original MXD