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Title Design og modellering af metanolanlæg til VEnzin-visionen
Author Clausen, Lasse Røngaard (Termiske Energisystemer, Institut for Mekanisk Teknologi, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
Institution Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Thesis level Master's thesis
Year 2007
Abstract In connection with DONG Energy’s REtrol vision a methanol plant is designed to obtain optimal energy efficiency and economy. A key element in the design is the usage of sustainable energy sources for the methanol production. 6 different plant configurations, each with its own syngas production method, are compared and it is concluded that the highest methanol exergy efficiency of 74 % is achieved for the plant which uses biogas as the primary exergy source for syngas production. The plant that only uses electricity as exergy source is the only plant with a significant lower methanol exergy efficiency of 67 %. By using the waste heat from the methanol plant for district heating the energy efficiency is increased considerably and the methanol cost is lowered. The lowest methanol cost of 95 kr/GJex is achieved for the plant which uses gasification of biomass and CO2 sequestration for syngas production. The methanol cost achieved for a number of the plant configurations can therefore compete with the commercial methanol price (142 kr/GJex) and the petrol price inc. duties (187 kr/GJex). It is also shown that a duty cut on the electricity price would result in a significant reduction in methanol cost, since 39-84 % of the total costs for the 6 plant configurations are for electricity. Additionally it is concluded that it is economically feasible to use underground gas storage for hydrogen and oxygen in a buffer system in connection with an electrolysis plant integrated in a methanol plant. The costs are reduced by operating the electrolysis plant only when the electricity price is low while the rest of the methanol plant is in constant operation. Simulations based on the electricity prices from DK-WEST in the period 2000-2006 and a rate of interest of 5 % show the largest cost reductions at 5000 operation hours per year for the electrolysis plant. The cost reductions are up to 10.5 % and 6.1 % in average at 5000 operation hours. These cost reductions are close to the theoretical maximum for the used electricity prices. The maximum cost reductions are in theory up to 11.5 % and 7.7 % in average at 5000 operation hours. The greatest cost reductions are achieved when the calculations are based on the electricity prices with the largest standard deviation. Finally it is concluded that suitable locations for underground gas storage of hydrogen and oxygen are available in Denmark
Imprint Technical University of Denmark (DTU) : Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Pages 104
Fulltext
Original PDF rapport_med_bilag.pdf (5.51 MB)
Admin Creation date: 2010-01-19    Update date: 2010-01-19    Source: dtu    ID: 256657    Original MXD