||Opportunities and Barriers related to Regional Industrial Ecology in the Region of Sjælland, DK
||Alis, Louise Vinther
||Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard (Innovation and Sustainability, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark)
||Technical University of Denmark, DTU, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
||The aim of this study has been to uncover the opportunities and barriers of achieving regional
Industrial Ecology in the region of Zealand, Denmark. At the same time it has been a goal to use the
theory of Industrial Ecology as a hypothesis for testing in reality facilitated with a critical approach
supported by LCA principles and Theory on network relations in supply chains.
The study was based on a qualitative study of 6 case enterprises and their experiences in the field.
The degree of appliance with the concept of Industrial Ecology was measured according to 9
parameters, which were defined based on the Industrial Ecology literature along with influence
from LCA, the waste hierarchy and the theory on network relations. These parameters are: 1-3.
waste management of solid waste, hazardous waste and waste water according to the waste
hierarchy, 4. energy efficiency and cascading, 5. Dependency on non-renewable resources, 6.
Exchanges of waste material and/or energy, 7. Interest in environmental improvements, 8.
Openness towards collaboration with other enterprises and 9. Application of LCA elements.
According to these parameters the improvement potential of the enterprises is generally quite low,
which is a positive finding. This seems to be owing to the existence of certain parameters; 1. The
environmental legislation in most cases, 2. the environmental taxation on waste disposal and on
energy, 3. The prevalence of critical consumers and 4. The longlived rise in fuel prices now replaced
by an increase in competition during the current financial crisis. All of these conditions are
according to the finding of this study resulting in very motivated enterprises that voluntarily apply
Industrial Ecology aspects in their production, whenever possible.
The barriers to further improvements are all accessed to be diminishable by creation of an Anchor
Tenant Institution and based on the statements of the administrative unit ‘Region Sjælland’s and
other reasons the conclusion of this study is that the Region would be the natural choise. The
barriers that the Region as Anchor Tenant should help minimize are; 1. Specific environmental
regulations that unreasonably prevents Industrial Ecology incentives, 2. Barriers related to erratic
magnitude, quality and stability of streams through coordination and 3. Matchmaking of relevant
partners for development projects or symbiotic exchanges through facilitation.
||Technical University of Denmark (DTU) : Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Creation date: 2010-02-01
Update date: 2010-02-01